From November 2022 through January 2023, the fifth survey in a series of surveys on visual inspection was conducted by PDA to better understand current industry practices in this important area. Past surveys in 1996, 2003, 2008, and 2014 have provided practical guidance and insight to those working in this field. The purpose of this survey was to document current industry practice for visual inspection of injectable products.
Results presented are based on 187 responses. The same population was sampled for each survey year, but the specific companies and manufacturing sites that responded each year are different. Preliminary results from this survey were originally presented at the 2023 PDA Visual Inspection Forum held 17-18 April 2023 in Baltimore, MD
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Table of Contents:
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- General Information
- Manual Inspection
- Automated Inspection
- Inspection Results
- Acceptance Sampling and Inspection Strategies
- Future Direction