This monograph clearly explains the Limitation of Risk Method (LR-Method). When a systematic risk analysis is performed and sampling locations are selected and evaluated in a rational manner using this method, comprehensive monitoring will reduce the number of microbiological samples necessary and provide quality improvement. Tables and charts help complete this text.
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Table of Contents:
Contaminants, Guidelines for Pharmaceutical Production
Dispersion of Airborne
Microbiological Monitoring in the Clean Room
Limitation of Risks (LR-Method)
About the Authors
Ljungqvist, Ph.D., and Berit Reinmuller, Techn.lic., Senior Researcher, are both
from the KTH (Royal Institute of Technology), Stockholm,
Dr. Bengt Ljungqvist received his Ph.D. in 1978,
and was appointed professor of Safety Ventilation in 1986 at Kungl. Tekniska
Hogskolan, Stockholm. Since 1978, he has worked in the field of safety
ventilation, both as a scientist and as a consultant. In 1993, he was appointed
Visiting Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering
at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. He is a past chairman
of the Nordic Association of Contamination Control (R3-Nordic). As a consultant,
he is contracted by Pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, laboratories, etc., to
solve problems within this field.
Ms. Berit Reinmuller has
spent 30 years in the pharmaceutical manufacturing field specializing in the
areas of Contamination Control, Environmental Monitoring, Validation, and
Microbiological Risk Assessment. She is also representing Sweden in the ISO 209
work on "Clean Room and Associated Controlled Environments." Ms. Reinmuller is
employed as Senior Researcher in Building Services Engineering at Kungl.
Tekniska Hogskolan in Stockholm, and is also contracted as a consultant for the
clean room industry.
Other titles written by these two authors are Cleaning
Clothing Systems: People as a Contamination Source and Practical
Safety Ventilation in Pharmaceutical and Biotech Cleanrooms