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PDA Glossary

PDA Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

PDA Technical Reports are highly valued membership benefits because they offer expert guidance and opinions on important scientific and regulatory topics and are used as essential references by industry and regulatory authorities around the world. These reports include terms which explain the material and enhance the reader’s understanding.

The database presented here includes the glossary terms from all current technical reports. The database is searchable by keyword, topic, or by technical report. Each definition provided includes a link to the source technical report within the PDA Technical Report Portal.

Browse Terms by Title

 

Browse Terms by TR #

 
 
  • Campaigning

    Extending the period of time, or number of cycles a single-use system is operating in a closed process without breaking the sterile barrier processes. The end user is responsible to evaluate and determine if appropriate quality requirements are met for their application. (TR 66)

  • Closed System

    An isolated system that has no interaction with its external environment, preventing contamination and release of the material contained.(TR28) (TR 66)

  • Consumables

    This refers to items (e.g., SUS, storage bags, tubing, filters, diaphragms, flasks, etc.) that form or are a part of process equipment and are used on a per batch basis. (TR66)

  • Deployment

    Activities involving the hands-on steps required to successfully assemble and make a system ready for use for a specific SUS application. (TR66)

  • Extractable

    A chemical component that is removed from a material by application of an artificial or exaggerated force (e.g., solvent, temperature, time). The term extractable is often erroneously used to describe a leachable. (TR14) (TR15) (TR26) (TR41) (TR45)

    Chemical substances that can be extracted from components of material process fluid contact surfaces by exertion of an exaggerated force (e.g., organic solvent, extreme elevated temperature, ionic strength, pH, contact time, etc.) Extractables may represent most but not all of the potential leachables that may be seen in process fluids. (TR66)

    Extractables are organic and inorganic chemical entities that can be released from a pharmaceutical packaging/delivery system, packaging component, or packaging material of construction under laboratory conditions. (TR54-4)

    Organic or inorganic chemical entity that is forced out of container closure system materials and components under laboratory experimental conditions. (TR73)

  • Flexible 2D or 3D Bag

    A flexible-wall container designed with 2 sides (two dimensional or “pillow” shape) or 6 sides (three dimensional cuboid shape) designed to hold process fluids or product. (TR66)

  • In-Process Leachables

    Chemicals substances that are leached, from product-contact or non-product-contact materials under typical process conditions and could be cleared or sufficiently diluted by downstream processes so as to be undetected as leachables in the final dosage. Alternate Terms: Transient Leachables, Migrant Leachable. (TR66)

  • Leachable

    A chemical component that migrates from a contact surface into a drug product or process fluid during storage or normal use conditions. The term leachable is often erroneously used to describe an extractable. (TR14) (TR26)

    Leachables are organic and inorganic chemical entities that migrate from a packaging/delivery system, packaging component, or packaging material of construction into an associated drug product under normal conditions of storage and use or during accelerated drug product stability studies. Leachables are typically a subset of extractables or are derived from extractables. (TR54-4)

    Chemical substances that are leached, from product-contact or non-product-contact materials, under typical process conditions and detected in final dosage. Leachables may be a subset of extractables, and can include their reaction or breakdown products. (TR66)

    Organic or inorganic chemical entity that migrates from pharmaceutical container closure system components into a drug product formulation. (TR73)

  • Multi-Use System (MUS)

    An engineered process equipment solution for process management and unit operations designed for repeated use. (TR66)

  • Opportunity Costs

    This is defined as the value of the next-best choice available when choosing between several mutually exclusive choices (e.g., the decision to expand a facility may result in losing the opportunity to invest the maintenance funds in the financial markets). Opportunity costs are often excluded from estimates of fixed operation costs because they can be difficult for comparative analyses in the overall decision process. (TR66)

  • Packaged Raw Material for Single-Use

    Procurement of a product such as liquid or powder format culture media or buffer and that has been supplied in single-use technology. (TR66)

  • Pressure Decay Test

    A leak test in which a container or system is pressurized with air to a preset level. After the pressure has stabilized, the decay in pressure over a preset test time is measured and evaluated to determine if a leak (defect) is present. (TR66)

  • Ready-To-Use

    A marketing term often used to describe the benefits of single-use technology or SUS. This designation has no regulatory or scientific basis supporting suitability for use and the end user is responsible to evaluate and determine if appropriate quality requirements are met for their application. (TR66)

  • Single-Use Component (SUC)

    An individual part designed to perform a particular function when assembled into a single-use system. (TR66)

  • Single-Use System (SUS)

    An engineered process equipment solution, most commonly assembled from components made using polymeric materials, which together create a system or unit operation designed for one time or campaign use. (TR66)

  • SUS Interchangeability

    Functionally equivalent substitution of an alternative SUS, for an existing SUS design providing a contingency or process improvement with equivalent process performance and product quality. The end user is responsible to evaluate and determine if appropriate quality requirements are met for their application. (TR66)

  • Technical Diligence

    The means by which the technical capabilities of the SUS, its supplier and its fit with the end user are verified. It is complimentary to a quality audit program and becomes a recurring theme over the implementation process and subsequent routine procurement. (TR66)

  • Value-added Activities

    Includes the management of materials, operations, qualification, verification, vender audits, materials testing, and shop-floor oversight that allows an SUS to be used in operations. (TR66)